(Ed Note: This story will run concurrently in English and Spanish)
July 1, 2014 (San Diego) Today the United States Border Patrol had to take migrants originally intended for the processing station at Murrieta, back to the Chula Vista station in San Ysidro. This is the arrival of the crisis that has been building at McCallen Texas, in San Diego.
This is not a sudden crisis, and now affects the County directly. But it did not happen just now.
The origin of this humanitarian crisis is simply the instability in their countries of origin, and the fear of gangs and organized crime that is endemic to the region. This youth is escaping very difficult conditions.
The majority of these minors are not from Mexico. In fact, media in Mexico has had Public Service Announcements for some years now, asking the public not to take the risk of crossing the border, since the only thing they put at risk is their lives. These PSAs can be heard in both radio and television. The majority are coming from Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras.
There are now rumors in our own media that the Deferred Action, which allows those who were brought to the US as Children to stay in the country, is the origin of this crisis. The only true thing of this is that there are rumors at play, but these are coming from Coyotes and organized crime. This crisis has nothing to do with American internal politics, and all to do with very high levels of murder, rape and human trafficking in the countries of origin.
According to El Pais, a central American paper:
“Migration has increased because the Coyotes have spread the rumor that there is a temporary amnesty in the United States.” This is according to Aracely Calderon, an official with the Honduran Department of migration, and working with the Center for the Attention of the Migrant who has come home. This is a government agency in Tegucigalpa, the Capital of Honduras. El Pais asked Her and she explained that mothers “are motivated by this supposed and famous amnesty,” they decided to emigrate. “Families call the Center asking if this is true, that there is an amnesty, but we tell them that there is not. The American authorities have also denied these stories.”
This is far more complex than just blaming the politics in DC. This is a complex problem that rquires changes to migratory laws, including a determination if any of these people qualifies as a refugee. The United Nations Definition is as follows:
A refugee is someone who has been forced to flee his or her country because of persecution, war, or violence. A refugee has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group. Most likely, they cannot return home or are afraid to do so. War and ethnic, tribal and religious violence are leading causes of refugees fleeing their countries.
Categories: Immigration Policy