Jan 16, 2916 (WASHINGTON) The Centers for Disease Control have issued what they call a level II warning for travel to the following countries: Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Suriname, Venezuela, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
This is due to Zika, a newly identified virus in the Americas that first emerged in Brazil in 2015.It has been endemic in Africa and South East Asia. In adults, according to the CDC these are the symptoms: “About one in five people infected with Zika virus will develop symptoms, which include fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (pink eye). Other commonly reported symptoms include myalgia, headache, and pain behind the eyes.” This is transmitted by the same mosquito that also can transmit Dengue, Chinchengkuya and Yellow Fever, this is an Aedes mosquito.
Earlier in the week a case was announced in Houston Texas, from a woman that is believed to have travelled to El Salvador.
This virus is of concern due to malformation of the fetus, including miscarriages and microcephaly. These are the travel guidelines:
Until more is known, and out of an abundance of caution, CDC recommends special precautions for pregnant women and women trying to become pregnant:
- Pregnant women in any trimester should consider postponing travel to the areas where Zika virus transmission is ongoing. Pregnant women who must travel to one of these areas should talk to their doctor or other healthcare provider first and strictly follow steps to avoid mosquito bites during the trip.
- Women trying to become pregnant who are thinking about becoming pregnant should consult with their healthcare provider before traveling to these areas and strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites during the trip.
The CDC also has a map that they will keep updating since they expect distribution to change. So they recommend you consult their travel website often.
The CDC also has guidelines on how to prevent mosquito bytes. They are as follows:
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants
- Use EPA-registered insect repellents containing DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE), or IR3535. Always use as directed.
- Insect repellents containing DEET, picaridin, and IR3535 are safe for pregnant and nursing women and children older than 2 months when used according to the product label. Oil of lemon eucalyptus products should not be used on children under 3 years of age.
- Use permethrin-treated clothing and gear (such as boots, pants, socks, and tents).
- Stay and sleep in screened-in or air-conditioned rooms.