Christmas Lights Wikipedia

tech lighting Christmas Lights Wikipedia

tech lighting Christmas Lights Wikipedia

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Personnel[edit] Chris Martin – lead vocals, keyboards Jonny Buckland – guitar Guy Berryman – bass Will Champion – drums, percussion, backing vocals Cover versions[edit] Yellowcard recorded the song for the Fearless Records Punk Goes Christmas compilation in 2013.

[43] Kylie Minogue recorded the song for her 2016 album Kylie Christmas: Snow Queen Edition. Straight No Chaser covered the song for their 2016 album I’ll Have Another…Christmas Album. References[edit] External links[edit] Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Christmas light sculptures, also called motifs, are used as Christmas decorations and for other holidays. Originally, these were large wireframe metalwork pieces made for public displays, such as for a municipal government to place on utility poles, and shopping centers to place on lampposts. Since the 1990s, these are also made in small plastic home versions that can be hung in a window, or on a door or wall. Framed motifs can be lit using mini lights or ropelight, and larger scale motifs and sculptures may use C7 bulbs.

For the week ending 18 December 2010, “Christmas Lights” both debuted and peaked at position number 25 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 singles chart and position number 12 on Billboard’s Hot Digital Songs chart. A live recording of the song was also featured as the closer track on the band’s Live from Spotify London live EP, released exclusively on Spotify on December 2016.

Coldplay released three ‘making-of’ videos through their iTunes Ping page, showing the creation of the music video. Another video was also released on their website, giving a preview of the music video and the song itself, plus more ‘making-of’ footage.

Light sculptures can be either flat (most common) or three-dimensional. Flat sculptures are the motifs, and are often on metal frames, but garland can also be attached to outdoor motifs. Indoor motifs often have a multicolored plastic backing sheet, sometimes holographic. 3D sculptures include deer or reindeer (even moose) in various positions, and with or without antlers, often with a motor to move the head up and down or side to side as if grazing. These and other 3D displays may be bare-frame, or be covered with garland, looped and woven transparent plastic cord or acrylic, or natural or goldtone-painted vines. Snowflakes are a popular design for municipal displays, so as not to be misconstrued as a government endorsement of religion, or so they can be left up all winter.

Christmas lighting does lead to some extensive recycling issues. Every year, more than 20 million pounds of discarded holiday lights are shipped to Shijiao, China (near Guangzhou), which has been referred to as “the world capital for recycling Christmas lights”.[27] The region began importing discarded lights around 1990 in part because of its cheap labor and low environmental standards.[27] As late as 2009, many factories would simply burn the lights to melt the plastic and retrieve the copper wire, releasing toxic fumes into the local environment.[27] A safer technique was then developed that involved chopping the lights into a fine sand-like consistency, mixing it with water and vibrating the slurry on a table causing the different elements to separate out, similar to the process of panning for gold.[27] Everything is recycled: copper, brass, plastic and glass.

In the mid-2000s, the video of the home of Carson Williams was widely distributed on the internet as a viral video. It garnered national attention in 2005 from The Today Show on NBC, Inside Edition and the CBS Evening News and was featured in a Miller television commercial.[22][23] Williams turned his hobby into a commercial venture, and was commissioned to scale up his vision to a scale of 250,000 lights at a Denver shopping center, as well as displays in parks and zoos.

Some sculptures have microcontrollers that sequence circuits of lights, so that the object appears to be in motion. This is used for things such as snowflakes falling, Santa Claus waving, a peace dove flapping its wings, or train wheels rolling.

The technology used in Christmas lighting displays is highly diverse, ranging from simple light strands, Christmas lights (a.k.a. Fairy lights), through to full blown animated tableaux, involving complex illuminated animatronics and statues.

Daftar lagu[sunting | sunting sumber] “Christmas Lights” – 4:02 Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Over a period of time,[clarification needed] strings of Christmas lights found their way into use in places other than Christmas trees. Soon, strings of lights adorned mantles and doorways inside homes, and ran along the rafters, roof lines, and porch railings of homes and businesses. In recent times, many city skyscrapers are decorated with long mostly-vertical strings of a common theme, and are activated simultaneously in Grand Illumination ceremonies.

In Pakistan, fairy lights are often used to decorate in celebration of Eid ul-Fitr at Chaand Raat, which occurs at the end of Ramadan. In India on Diwali too, homes, shops and streets are decorated with strings of fairy lights.

Red, white, and blue lights are produced for Independence Day, as well as U.S. flag and other patriotic-themed ornaments. Net lights have been produced with the lights in a U.S. flag pattern. In 2006, some stores carried stakes with LEDs that light fiber-optics, looking similar to fireworks.

Illuminated Celtic cross, Bon Air Presbyterian Church, Virginia, in snow storm at night.

See also[edit] Christmas tree Christmas worldwide Luminaria Albert Sadacca Notes[edit] External links[edit] Media related to Christmas lights at Wikimedia Commons

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Christmas decoration in front of the church in Weissenbach an der Triesting

The first known electrically illuminated Christmas tree was the creation of Edward H. Johnson, an associate of inventor Thomas Edison. While he was vice president of the Edison Electric Light Company, a predecessor of today’s Con Edison electric utility, he had Christmas tree light bulbs especially made for him. He proudly displayed his Christmas tree, which was hand-wired with 80 red, white and blue electric incandescent light bulbs the size of walnuts, on December 22, 1882 at his home on Fifth Avenue in New York City. Local newspapers ignored the story, seeing it as a publicity stunt. However, it was published by a Detroit newspaper reporter, and Johnson has become widely regarded as the Father of Electric Christmas Tree Lights. By 1900, businesses started stringing up Christmas lights behind their windows.[14] Christmas lights were too expensive for the average person; as such, electric Christmas lights did not become the majority replacement for candles until 1930.[15]

In 1963, a boycott of Christmas lights was done in Greenville, North Carolina to protest the segregation that kept blacks from being employed by downtown businesses in Greenville, during the Christmas sales season. Known as the Black Christmas (boycott) or “Christmas Sacrifice”, it was an effective way to protest the cultural and fiscal segregation in the town with 33% black population. Light decorations in the homes, on the Christmas trees, or outside the house were not shown, and only six houses in the black community broke the boycott that Christmas.[21]

More and more cities in the U.S., for example, are setting up sensible alternatives and schemes to recycle Christmas lights, with towns organizing drop-off points for handing in old or discarded lights.[28][29]

These above light strings are occasionally used on Christmas trees anyway, usually to add extra variety to the colors of the lights on the tree.

Coldplay began filming the music video on 24 November. The video appears to be one continuous shot, and while it might have been filmed with a single camera, the amount of takes in the video is unknown. Whether this means the finished product is a mix of many clips seamlessly stitched together is unknown.[8] It begins with the starting up of a record player, and the camera panning across a multicoloured player piano, then the four members of the band. Martin begins to sing the first verse as the camera pans and zooms out to show the piano – which is now next to him – then back. Martin has changed his position, and the rest of the band are nowhere to be seen. Martin rises up from the stage where he is lying, then begins to play the piano, which is now on a stage in front of the Thames. Curtains open to reveal the rest of the band, who join in playing the song, accompanied by fireworks and three violin-playing Elvises (who are friends of the band: the British actor Simon Pegg, the ‘fifth member’ of Coldplay Phil Harvey and Tim Crompton, friend of the band and frontman of The High Wire).[9][10] One hundred fans of the band appear in the music video; they release coloured balloons from a boat on the Thames whilst singing along to part of the song.

The video was directed by Mat Whitecross, a long-time friend of the band and director of several of Coldplay’s other music videos, such as “Bigger Stronger”, “Lovers in Japan”, “Every Teardrop Is a Waterfall” and more recently, “Paradise”.

The Old Harrison County Courthouse in Marshall, Texas outlined in Christmas lights

Christmas trees displayed publicly and illuminated with electric lights became popular in the early 20th century. By the mid-20th century, it became customary to display strings of electric lights as along streets and on buildings; Christmas decorations detached from the Christmas tree itself. In the United States, it became popular to outline private homes with such Christmas lights in tract housing beginning in the 1960s. By the late 20th century, the custom had also been adopted in other nations, including outside the Western world, notably in Japan and Hong Kong. Throughout Christendom, Christmas lights continue to retain their symbolism of Jesus as the light of the world.[4][1]

Chris Martin wrote the song in December 2008.[3] The morning after he began work on “Christmas Lights”, he performed a segment of the still in-progress song for journalist Steve Kroft during an interview for the American newsmagazine program 60 Minutes.[3][4]

Various types of patio lighting with no holiday theme are also made for summertime. These are often clear white lights, but most are ornament sets, such as lanterns made of metal or bamboo, or plastic ornaments in the shape of barbecue condiments, flamingos and palm trees, or even various beers. Some are made of decorative wire or mesh, in abstract shapes such as dragonflies, often with glass “gems” or marbles. Light sculptures are also made in everything from wire-mesh frogs to artificial palm trees outlined in rope lights.

The illuminated Christmas tree became established in the United Kingdom during Queen Victoria’s reign, and through emigration spread to North America and Australia. In her journal for Christmas Eve 1832, the delighted 13-year-old princess wrote, “After dinner.. we then went into the drawing-room near the dining-room. There were two large round tables on which were placed two trees hung with lights and sugar ornaments. All the presents being placed round the trees”.[9] Until the availability of inexpensive electrical power in the early twentieth century, miniature candles were commonly (and in some cultures still are) used.

Manning Close Christmas Light Show, Wells, Somerset, England

“Christmas Lights” is a song by British alternative rock band Coldplay released on 1 December 2010, as a digital download.[1] Described by the band as “a mid-tempo number” in the key of G major, the song was released to very positive reviews. The cover art is by Yu Matsuoka Pol.[2]

Displays of Christmas lights in public venues and on public buildings are a popular part of the annual celebration of Christmas, and may be set up by businesses or by local governments. The displays utilize Christmas lights in many ways, including decking towering Christmas trees in public squares, street trees and park trees, adorning lampposts and other such structures, decorating significant buildings such as town halls and department stores, and lighting up popular tourist attractions such as the Eiffel Tower and the Sydney Opera House. It is believed that the first outdoor public electric light Christmas Holiday display was organized by Fredrick Nash and the Pasadena Chamber of Commerce in Altadena, California, on Santa Rosa Avenue, called Christmas Tree Lane. Christmas Tree Lane in Altadena has been continuously lit except during WW2 since 1920. Annual displays in Regent Street and Oxford Street, London, date from 1954 and 1959 respectively.

Installing holiday lighting may also be a safety hazard when incorrectly connecting several strands of lights, repeatedly using the same extension cords, or using an unsafe ladder during the installation process.

Weekly charts[edit] Chart (2010–11) Peak position Australia (ARIA)[13] 32 Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[14] 40 Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[15] 9 Belgium (Ultratop 50 Wallonia)[16] 8 Brazilian Singles Chart (ABPD)[17] 84 Canada (Canadian Hot 100)[18] 18 Denmark (Tracklisten)[19] 10 Finland (Suomen virallinen lista)[20] 3 Germany (Official German Charts)[21] 26 Iceland (RÚV)[22] 4 Italy (FIMI)[23] 2 Latvia (European Hit Radio)[24] 17 Netherlands (Single Top 100)[25] 2 New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[26] 34 Norway (VG-lista)[27] 8 Poland (OLiS)[28] 23 Slovakia (IFPI)[29] 72 Spain (PROMUSICAE)[30] 14 Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[31] 25 Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[32] 46 UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[33] 13 US Billboard Hot 100[34] 25 US Adult Alternative Songs (Billboard)[35] 22 US Adult Contemporary (Billboard)[36] 28 US Rock Songs (Billboard)[37] 46 Year-end charts[edit] Chart (2010) Position Dutch Singles Chart[38] 97 Italian Singles Chart[39] 97 Certifications[edit] Region Certification Certified units/Sales Italy (FIMI)[40] Gold 15,000* United Kingdom (BPI)[41] Silver 257,000[42]

From the 1960s, beginning with tract housing in the U.S., it became increasingly common to completely outline the house (but particularly the eaves) with weatherproof Christmas lights. The Holiday Trail of Lights is a joint effort by cities in east Texas and northwest Louisiana that had its origins in the Festival of Lights and Christmas Festival in Natchitoches, started in 1927, making it one of the oldest light festivals in the United States. Fulton Street in Palo Alto, California, has the nickname “Christmas Tree Lane” due to the display of lighted Christmas trees on the sides of the street.[26]

Christmas lights using incandescent bulbs are somewhat notorious for being difficult to troubleshoot and repair. In the 1950s and 1960s, the series circuit connected light sets would go completely dark when a single bulb failed. So in the fairly recent past, the mini-lights have come with shunts to allow a set to continue to operate with a burned out bulb. However, if there are multiple bulb failures or a shunt is bad, the string can still fail. There are two basic ways to troubleshoot this: a one by one replacement with a known good bulb, or by using a test light to find out where the voltage gets interrupted. One example made specifically for Christmas lights is the LightKeeper Pro. For additional information, see the troubleshooting section of the Holiday lighting technology article.

The single’s release date was announced through the official Coldplay website on 24 November 2010.[1] A countdown in minutes and seconds to 1 December 8pm GMT, appeared on the homepage of the website, accompanied by an animated GIF of the album art.

*sales figures based on certification alone sales+streaming figures based on certification alone

In the United Kingdom, electrically powered Christmas lights are generally known as fairy lights. In 1881, the Savoy Theatre, London was the first building in the world to be lit entirely by electricity.[10] Sir Joseph Swan, pioneer of the incandescent light bulb, supplied about 1,200 Swan incandescent lamps, and a year later, the Savoy owner Richard D’Oyly Carte equipped the principal fairies with miniature lighting supplied by the Swan United Electric Lamp Company, for the opening night of the Gilbert and Sullivan opera Iolanthe on 25 November 1882.[11] The term ‘fairy lights’, describing ‘a small coloured light used in illuminations’ had already entered English:[12] its usage for a string of electrically powered Christmas lights has been common in the UK ever since.[13]

From that point on, electrically illuminated Christmas trees, but only indoors, grew with mounting enthusiasm in the United States and elsewhere. San Diego in 1904, Appleton, Wisconsin in 1909, and New York City in 1912 were the first recorded instances of the use of Christmas lights outside.[15] McAdenville, North Carolina claims to have been the first in 1956.[16] The Library of Congress credits the town for inventing “the tradition of decorating evergreen trees with Christmas lights dates back to 1956 when the McAdenville Men’s Club conceived of the idea of decorating a few trees around the McAdenville Community Center.”[17] However, the Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree has had “lights” since 1931, but did not have real electric lights until 1956.[18] Furthermore, Philadelphia’s Christmas Light Show and Disney’s Christmas Tree also began in 1956.[19][20] Though General Electric sponsored community lighting competitions during the 1920s, it would take until the mid-1950s for the use of such lights to be adopted by average households.

Categories: 2010 singlesColdplay songsChristmas songsCapitol Records singlesParlophone singlesSong recordings produced by Brian EnoSong recordings produced by Rik SimpsonSongs written by Chris MartinSongs written by Guy BerrymanSongs written by Jonny BucklandSongs written by Will Champion2010 songs

In many countries, Christmas lights, as well as other Christmas decorations, are traditionally erected on or around the first day of Advent.[5][6] In the Western Christian world, the two traditional days when Christmas lights are removed are Twelfth Night and Candlemas, the latter of which ends the Christmas-Epiphany season in some denominations.[7] Leaving the decorations up beyond Candlemas is historically considered to be inauspicious.[8]

When Christmas light manufacturers first started using LEDs the colors seemed very dull and uninspiring. Even the white lights, which were typically single-chip LEDs, glowed with a faintly yellowish color that made them look cheap and unattractive.[25]

“Christmas Lights” Single by Coldplay Released 1 December 2010 Format Digital download Genre

1 Composition 2 Release and promotion 3 Music video 4 Track listing 5 Charts and certifications 5.1 Weekly charts 5.2 Year-end charts 5.3 Certifications 6 Personnel 7 Cover versions 8 References 9 External links

1 History 2 Technology 3 Outdoor displays 3.1 Public venues 3.2 Neighborhoods 4 Other holidays 5 Environment, recycling, and safety 6 Light sculptures 6.1 Examples 7 See also 8 Notes 9 External links

The Christmas tree was adopted in upper-class homes in 18th-century Germany, where it was occasionally decorated with candles, which at the time was a comparatively expensive light source. Candles for the tree were glued with melted wax to a tree branch or attached by pins. Around 1890, candleholders were first used for Christmas candles. Between 1902 and 1914, small lanterns and glass balls to hold the candles started to be used. Early electric Christmas lights were introduced with electrification, beginning in the 1880s.

In the United States, lights have been produced for many other holidays. These may be simple sets in typical holiday colors, or the type with plastic ornaments which the light socket fits into. Light sculptures are also produced in typical holiday icons.

Decorations, wreaths and lights adorn the Perth Post Office in Perth, Australia

“Christmas Lights” beralih ke halaman ini. Untuk acara ITV tahun 2004, lihat Christmas Lights (spesial televisi).

“Credo Elvem Etiam Vivere” is written across the top of the stage. In Latin this means “I Believe Elvis Yet Lives”.[11] This is likely connected to the three Elvises appearing in the video, which is, in turn, connected to the lyrics of the song.

Track listing[edit] Digital download No. Title Length 1. “Christmas Lights” 4:02 Charts and certifications[edit]

Trafalgar Square Christmas Tree with lights in London, England

Christmas lights (also called twinkle lights, holiday lights, mini lights or fairy lights), that are strands of electric lights used to decorate homes, public/commercial buildings and Christmas trees during the Christmas season are amongst the most recognized form of Christmas lighting. Christmas lights come in a dazzling array of configurations and colors. The small “midget” bulbs commonly known as fairy lights are also called Italian lights in some parts of the U.S., such as Chicago.

The discussions about the video started about one month before its release. The original plan was to film a simple video at Oxford Street, as the place is mentioned in the song’s lyrics. After that many other options were analysed, like a similar video to The Beatles’ video for “All You Need Is Love”, with the band and friends at the studio. But that idea was left out as Coldplay were in the middle of the production of Mylo Xyloto, and that could disrupt the flow of the recording. Another idea for the video included filming at the Willesden Music Hall. Finally they decided to invite the designer Misty Buckley to the project and the ideas for the final video started to take shape. After a meeting at the studio called The Bakery all the ideas had been set up and the only thing missing was the location for the shooting. Some places suggested were the tunnels under Waterloo and the roof of John Lewis. However they opted for the South Bank just five days before the shooting of the video, to tie in a line about the meeting of the sea and the city.[7]

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It was originally thought that “Christmas Lights” would be a song from the band’s fifth studio album Mylo Xyloto, but this was confirmed not to be the case by Coldplay’s official fan-question answer system The Oracle on two separate occasions.[5][6]

“Christmas Lights” Singel oleh Coldplay Dirilis 1 Desember 2010 Format Unduhan digital Genre Rock alternatif Panjang 4:02 Label Capitol, Parlophone Pencipta Guy Berryman, Jonny Buckland, Will Champion, Chris Martin Produser Coldplay, Rik Simpson, Brian Eno Kronologi singel Coldplay “Strawberry Swing” (2009) “Christmas Lights” (2010) “Every Teardrop Is a Waterfall” (2011) Video musik “Christmas Lights” di YouTube

The types of lamps used in Christmas lighting also vary considerably, reflecting the diversity of modern lighting technology in general. Common lamp types are incandescent light bulbs and now light-emitting diodes (LEDs), which are being increasingly encouraged as being more energy efficient. Less common are neon lamp sets. Fluorescent lamp sets were produced for a limited time by Sylvania in the mid-1940s.[24]

Just hours after the release of the video it was removed from YouTube after the IFPI claimed a breach of copyright,[12] despite the video being on one of Coldplay’s official channels. However, it was eventually uploaded once again.

Length 4:02 Label Capitol, Parlophone Songwriter(s) Guy Berryman, Jonny Buckland, Will Champion, Chris Martin Producer(s) Coldplay, Rik Simpson, Brian Eno Coldplay singles chronology “Strawberry Swing” (2009) “Christmas Lights” (2010) “Every Teardrop Is a Waterfall” (2011) “Strawberry Swing” (2009) “Christmas Lights” (2010) “Every Teardrop Is a Waterfall” (2011) Music video “Christmas Lights” on YouTube

“Christmas Lights” adalah sebuah lagu dari band rock alternatif Britania Raya, Coldplay, yang dirilis pada hari Rabu tanggal 1 desember 2010, pada jam 8 malam GMT untuk diunduh secara digital.[1] Dijelaskan oleh band sebagai “nomor pertengahan tempo” dalam kunci G mayor.[2] Sampul album dibuat oleh Yu Matsuoka Pol.[3]

In 1895, U.S. President Grover Cleveland proudly sponsored the first electrically lit Christmas tree in the White House. It was a huge specimen, featuring more than a hundred multicolored lights. The first commercially produced Christmas tree lamps were manufactured in strings of multiples of eight sockets by the General Electric Co. of Harrison, New Jersey. Each socket took a miniature two-candela carbon-filament lamp.

Christmas lights (also known as fairy lights) are lights used for decoration in celebration of Christmas, often on display throughout the Christmas season including Advent and Christmastide. The custom goes back to when Christmas trees were decorated with candles, which symbolized Christ being the light of the world;[1] these were brought by Christians into their homes in early modern Germany.[2][3]

Some places make huge displays of these during December, such as Callaway Gardens, Life University, and Lake Lanier Islands in the U.S. state of Georgia. In east Tennessee, the cities of Chattanooga, Sevierville, Pigeon Forge, and Gatlinburg have light sculptures up all winter. Gatlinburg also has custom ones for Valentine’s Day and St. Patrick’s Day, while Pigeon Forge puts flowers on its tall lampposts for spring, and for winter has a steamboat and the famous picture of U.S. Marines Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima, in addition to the city’s historic Old Mill.

Easter lights are often produced in pastels. These typically have white wire and connectors.

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Halloween is the most popular, with miniature light strings having black-insulated wires and semi-opaque orange bulbs. Later sets had some transparent purple bulbs (a representation of black, similar to blacklight), a few even have transparent green, or a translucent or semi-opaque lime green (possibly representing slime as in Ghostbusters, or creatures like goblins or space aliens). Two types of icicle lights are sold at Halloween: all-orange, and a combination of purple and green known as “slime lights”.

A familiar pastime during the holiday season is to drive or walk around neighborhoods in the evening to see the lights displayed on and around other homes. While some homes have no lights, others may have incredibly ornate displays which require weeks to construct. A rare few have even made it to the Extreme Christmas TV specials shown on HGTV, at least one requiring a generator and another requiring separate electrical service to supply the amount of electrical power required. In Australia and New Zealand, chains of Christmas lights were quickly adopted as an effective way to provide ambient lighting to verandas, where cold beer is often served in the long hot summer evenings. Since the late twentieth century, increasingly elaborate Christmas lights have been displayed, and driving around between 8 and 10 p.m. to look at the lights has become a popular form of family entertainment. In some areas Christmas lighting even becomes a fierce competition, with town councils offering awards for the best decorated house, in other areas it is seen as a co-operative effort, with residents priding themselves on their street or their neighbourhood. The town of Lobethal, South Australia, in the Adelaide Hills, is famed for its extensive Christmas lighting displays and many residents go to great effort to put on the best light display in the town. Residents from the nearby city of Adelaide often drive up to the town to view them.

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Christmas Lights Wikipedia