Crystal Chandelier Wikipedia

tech lighting Crystal Chandelier Wikipedia

tech lighting Crystal Chandelier Wikipedia

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Canopy An inverted shallow dish at the top of a chandelier from which festoons of beads are often suspended, lending a flourish to the top of the fitting.

“Crystal Chandelier” Single by Carl Belew from the album Twelve Shades of Belew B-side “Lonely Hearts Do Foolish Things” Released 1965 Format 7″ single Genre Country Length 2:50 Label RCA Victor Songwriter(s) Ted Harris Producer(s) Chet Atkins Carl Belew singles chronology “In the Middle of a Memory” (1964) “Crystal Chandelier” (1965) “Boston Jail” (1966) “In the Middle of a Memory” (1964) “Crystal Chandelier” (1965) “Boston Jail” (1966) “Crystal Chandelier” Single by Vic Dana from the album Crystal Chandelier B-side “What Now My Love” Released December 1965 Format 7″ single Genre Adult Contemporary Label Dolton Songwriter(s) Ted Harris Vic Dana singles chronology “String Module Error: Match not found” (1965) “Crystal Chandelier” (1965) “I Love You Drops” (1966) “Moonlight and Roses (Bring Mem’ries of You) (1965) “Crystal Chandelier” (1965) “I Love You Drops” (1966) “Crystal Chandeliers” Song by Charley Pride from the album The Country Way Released December 1967[1] Format 12″ Recorded 1967 Genre Folk, World, & Country Length 2:47 Label RCA Songwriter(s) Ted Harris Producer(s) Chet Atkins, Jack Clement, Felton Jarvis

Festoon An arrangement of glass drops or beads draped and hung across or down a glass chandelier, or sometimes a piece of solid glass shaped into a swag. Also known as a garland.

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Cage An arrangement where the central stem supporting arms and decorations is replaced by a metal structure leaving the centre clear for candles and further embellishments.

 NA   Windsor, ON – From 3 Jan to 7 Jan 2018  NA   Detroit, MI – From 10 Jan to 14 Jan 2018  NA   Pittsburgh, PA – From 17 Jan to 21 Jan 2018  NA   Topeka, KS – From 24 Jan to 28 Jan 2018  NA   Colorado Springs, CO – From 31 Jan to 4 Feb 2018  NA   Rio Rancho, NM – From 7 Feb to 11 Feb 2018  NA   Cedar Park, TX – From 14 Feb to 18 Feb 2018  NA   Phoenix, AZ – From 8 Mar to 11 Mar 2018  NA   Tucson, AZ – From 14 Mar to 18 Mar 2018  NA   San Diego, CA – From 21 Mar to 25 Mar 2018  NA   San Jose, CA – From 28 Mar to 1 Apr 2018  NA   Portland, OR – From 4 Apr to 8 Apr 2018  NA   Abbotsford, BC – From 11 Apr to 15 Apr 2018  NA   Penticton, BC – From 18 Apr to 22 Apr 2018  NA   Prince George, BC – From 25 Apr to 29 Apr 2018  NA   Spokane, WA – From 2 May to 6 May 2018  NA   Red Deer, AB – From 9 May to 13 May 2018  NA   Saskatoon, SK – From 16 May to 20 May 2018  NA   Medicine Hat, AB – From 23 May to 27 May 2018  NA   London, ON – From 14 Jun to 17 Jun 2018  NA   Hamilton, ON – From 20 Jun to 24 Jun 2018  NA   Youngstown, OH – From 27 Jun to 1 Jul 2018  NA   Baltimore, MD – From 5 Jul to 8 Jul 2018  NA   Estero, FL – From 12 Jul to 15 Jul 2018  NA   Sunrise, FL – From 18 Jul to 29 Jul 2018  NA   Orlando, FL – From 1 Aug to 5 Aug 2018  NA   Greenville, SC – From 8 Aug to 12 Aug 2018  NA   Raleigh, NC – From 15 Aug to 19 Aug 2018  NA   Greensboro, NC – From 22 Aug to 26 Aug 2018  NA   Hershey, PA – From 29 Aug to 2 Sep 2018  NA   Sioux Falls, SD – From 20 Sep to 23 Sep 2018  NA   Grand Forks, ND – From 26 Sep to 30 Sep 2018  NA   Winnipeg, MB – From 3 Oct to 7 Oct 2018  NA   Green Bay, WI – From 11 Oct to 14 Oct 2018  NA   Des Moines, IA – From 17 Oct to 21 Oct 2018  NA   Wichita, KS – From 24 Oct to 28 Oct 2018  NA   Oklahoma City, OK – From 31 Oct to 4 Nov 2018  NA   Tulsa, OK – From 7 Nov to 11 Nov 2018  NA   Norfolk, VA – From 29 Nov to 2 Dec 2018  NA   Cincinnati, OH – From 27 Dec to 30 Dec 2018 References[edit]

Categories: 1965 songs1965 singles1967 songsCharley Pride songsRCA Records singles1960s song stubs

Cover of U2’s “Beautiful Day” performed by Cyrille Aimée[7][8].

1 Vic Dana cover 2 Charley Pride cover 3 Other versions 4 References 5 External links

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Early 19th-century French cut-glass and ormolu chandelier in the Green Room of the White House

Kurt Browning, a four-time world champion Canadian figure skater, joined the creative team as the Skating Performances Senior Designer[4], along with Benjamin Agosto, four-time world medalist American ice dancer, as the Skating Performances Designer[5][6]

Crystal Glass with a chemical content that gives it special qualities of clarity, resonance and softness, making it especially suitable for cutting. For example, lead crystal.

Soda glass A type of glass used typically in Venetian glass chandeliers. Soda glass remains “plastic” for longer when heated, and can therefore be shaped into elegant curving leaves and flowers. Refracts light poorly and is normally fire polished.

Dutch Also known as Flemish, a style of brass chandelier with a bulbous baluster and arms curving down around a low hung ball.

Pride’s version became an instant hit, and received heavy airplay by Country radio stations.[5] Although it was never a hit on the American singles charts, it remains one of the most recognizable and enduring versions of the song.[5]

Charley Pride covered “Crystal Chandeliers” in 1967. The song was included on his number-one selling album, The Country Way. It was produced by Chet Atkins, who had also produced Belew’s original rendition.

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 NA   Lafayette, LA – From 5 Oct to 8 Oct 2017 (Soft Opening)  NA   San Antonio, TX – From 13 Oct to 15 Oct 2017 (Preview)  NA   Pensacola, FL – From 19 Oct to 22 Oct 2017 (Preview)  NA   Minneapolis, MN – From 9 Nov to 12 Nov 2017 (Preview)  NA   Hoffman Estates, IL – From 16 Nov to 19 Nov 2017 (Preview)  NA   Worcester, MA – From 7 Dec to 10 Dec 2017 (Preview)  NA   Quebec, QC – From 13 Dec to 17 Dec 2017 (Preview)  NA   Montreal, QC – From 20 Dec to 31 Dec 2017 (Official Premiere) 2018 schedule[edit]

Hoop A circular metal support for arms, usually on a regency-styles or other chandelier with glass pieces. Also known as a ring

Cover of Beyonce’s “Halo” performed by Gabrielle Shonk.[7][8].

One of the largest chandeliers in the world ever produced for the Al Ameen Mosque in Muscat (Oman) shortly before delivery.

Tent A tent shaped structure on the upper part of a glass chandelier where necklaces of drops attach at the top to a canopy and at the bottom to a larger ring.

Montgolfière chandelier Chandelier with shape of “montgolfière”, the early French hot air balloon

The world’s largest English Glass chandelier,(Hancock Rixon & Dunt and probably F. & C. Osler)[8] is located in the Dolmabahçe Palace in Istanbul. It has 750 lamps and weighs 4.5 tons. Dolmabahçe has the largest collection of British and Baccarat crystal chandeliers in the world, and one of the great staircases has balusters of Baccarat crystal.

Other versions[edit] Tony and the Graduates covered the song in 1967, reaching number seven in Ireland. Mattie Fox and the Country Blue Boys version reached number 14 in Ireland.[6] References[edit] External links[edit] Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics Listen to “Crystal Chandelier” (Charley Pride) on YouTube This 1960s song-related article is a stub.

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Chandeliers evolved from candelabra and were invented during the medieval era. They originally used candles as their source of light and remained in use until the 18th century, when gas lights, later superseded by electric lights, were invented.

An antique chandelier with candles in Amsterdam’s Portuguese Synagogue

Candelabra Not to be confused with chandeliers, candelabras are candlesticks, usually branched, designed to stand on tables, or if large, the floor.

Crown A circular chandelier reminiscent of a crown, usually of gilded metal or brass, and often with upstanding decorative elements.

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The earliest candle chandeliers were used by the wealthy in medieval times; this type of chandelier could be moved to different rooms.[3] From the 15th century, more complex forms of chandeliers, based on ring or crown designs, became popular decorative features in palaces and homes of nobility, clergy and merchants. Their high cost made chandeliers symbols of luxury and status.

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“Crystal Chandelier” (more commonly known as Crystal Chandeliers) is a 1965 Country song written by Ted Harris and popularized by Charley Pride. The original rendition was sung by Carl Belew. His version reached number 12 on the U.S. Billboard Country chart. It was the first of three charting singles from Belew’s eighth studio album, Twelve Shades of Belew.[2]

Moulded The process by which a glass piece is shaped by being blown into a mould

Crystal is an Arena touring show by Cirque du Soleil that started previewing to the public in October 2017, with an official premiere in December 2017. It is Cirque du Soleil’s 42nd original show since 1984, and the first one done on an ice rink, where most of the performers are ice skating throughout the show, and blends several circus acts with high-level ice skating. It is described as a woman shattering reality to discover herself in the world of possibility. [2][3]

In the mid-19th century, as gas lighting caught on, branched ceiling fixtures called gasoliers (a portmanteau of gas and chandelier) were produced, and many candle chandeliers were converted. By the 1890s, with the appearance of electric light, some chandeliers used both gas and electricity. As distribution of electricity widened, and supplies became dependable, electric-only chandeliers became standard. Another portmanteau word, electrolier, was formed for these, but nowadays they are most commonly called chandeliers. Some are fitted with bulbs shaped to imitate candle flames, for example those shown below in Epsom and Chatsworth, or with bulbs containing a shimmering gas discharge.[7]

Company Cirque du Soleil Genre Contemporary circus Show type Touring show Date of premiere December 13, 2017 (Quebec) Creative team Creative Director Stefan Miljevic[1] Show Director Shana Carroll & Sébastien Soldevila Acrobatic Equipment Fred Gérard Set Designer Stéphane Roy Video Content Designer Johnny Ranger Music Composer Maxim Lepage Lighting Designer Éric Champoux Props Designer Anne-Séguin Poirier Costume Designer Marie Chantale Vaillancourt Makeup Designer Véronique St-Germain Choreographer Geneviève Dorion-Coupal Skating Performances Senior Designer Kurt Browning Skating Performances Designer Benjamin Agosto Synchronized Skating Designer Marilyn Langlois Performance Designer Raphael Cruz Other information Preceded by Volta (2017) Official website

Both Carl Belew and Vic Dana recorded the song under the title “Crystal Chandelier,” however, all further covers used the title: Crystal Chandeliers in the plural, reflecting what is said in the lyrics.

Drop A small piece of glass usually cut into one of many shapes and drilled at one end so that it can be hung from the chandelier with a brass pin. A chain drop is drilled at both ends so that a series can be hung together to form a necklace or festoon.

Candle nozzle The small cup into which the end of the candle is slotted

Venetian A glass from the island of Murano, Venice but usually used to describe any chandelier in Venetian style.

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Drip pan The dish fitted just below the candle nozzle, designed to catch drips of wax. Know also as a bobèche.

Illustration of a medieval chandelier from King René’s Tournament Book, 1460

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Glossary of terms 4 See also 5 References 6 Sources

Neoclassical Style chandelier Glass chandelier featuring many delicate arms, spires and strings of ovals rhomboids or octagons.

1 Music 2 Tour 2.1 Arena tour 2.1.1 2017 schedule 2.1.2 2018 schedule 3 References

See also[edit] Ceiling rose Girandole Candelabra J. & L. Lobmeyr, the first company to make an electric chandelier Light fixture Sconce References[edit] Sources[edit] Abbott James A., and Elaine M. Rice.

Designing Camelot: The Kennedy White House Restoration. Van Nostrand Reinhold: 1998. ISBN 0-442-02532-7. Katz, Cheryl and Jeffrey. Chandeliers. Rockport Publishers: 2001. ISBN 978-1-56496-805-0. McCaffety, Kerri.

The Chandelier Through the Centuries. Vissi d’Arte Books: 2007. ISBN 978-0-9709336-5-2. Parissien, Steven. Regency Style. Phaidon: 1992. ISBN 0-7148-3454-8. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chandeliers.

Toward the end of the 20th century, chandeliers were often used as decorative focal points for rooms, and often did not illuminate.

A chandelier /ˌʃæn.dəlˈɪər/ (also known as girandole, candelabra lamp, or least commonly suspended lights) is a branched ornamental light fixture designed to be mounted on ceilings or walls.[1] Chandeliers are often ornate, and normally use incandescent light bulbs, though some modern designs also use fluorescent lamps and recently LEDs.

Branch Another name for the light-bearing part of a chandelier, also known as an arm.

During the 18th century glass chandeliers were produced by Bohemians and Venetian glassmakers who were both masters in the art of making chandeliers. Bohemian style was largely successful across Europe and its biggest draw was the chance to obtain spectacular light refraction due to facets and bevels of crystal prisms. As a reaction to this new taste Italian glass factories in Murano created new kinds of artistic light sources. Since Murano glass was not suitable for faceting, typical work realized at the time in other countries where crystal was used, venetian glassmakers relied upon the unique qualities of their glass. Typical features of a Murano chandelier are the intricate arabesques of leaves, flowers and fruits that would be enriched by coloured glass, made possible by the specific type of glass used in Murano. This glass they worked with was so unique, as it was soda glass (famed for its extraordinary clarity) and was a complete contrast to all different types of glass produced in the world at that time. An incredible amount of skill and time was required to precisely twist and shape a chandelier. This new type of chandelier was called “ciocca” (literally “bouquet of flowers”), for the characteristic decorations of glazed polychrome flowers. The most sumptuous of them consisted of a metal frame covered with small elements in blown glass, transparent or colored, with decorations of flowers, fruits and leaves, while simpler models had arms made with unique pieces of glass. Their shape was inspired by an original architectural concept: the space on the inside is left almost empty since decorations are spread all around the central support, distanced from it by the length of the arms. One of the common uses of the huge Murano Chandeliers was the interior lighting of theatres and rooms in important palaces.[6]

Cover of Nina Simone’s “Sinnerman” performed by Betty Bonifassi.[7][8].

Bobèche A dish fitted just below the candle nozzle, designed to catch drips of wax. Also known as a drip pan.

Spire A tall spike of glass, round in section or flat sided. To which arms and decorative elements may be attached, made from wood, metal or glass.

Finial The final flourish at the very bottom of the stem. Some Venetian glass chandeliers have little finials hanging from glass rings on the arms.

Panikadilo Gothic candelabrum chandelier hung from centres of Orthodox cathedrals’ domes.

Classic chandeliers have arrays of hanging crystal prisms to illuminate a room with refracted light, while contemporary chandeliers assume a more minimalist design that does not contain prisms and illuminate a room with direct light from the lamps, sometimes also equipped with translucent glass covering each lamp. Modern chandeliers have a more modernized design that uses LEDs, and combines the elements of both classic and contemporary designs; some also equipped with refractive crystal prisms or small mirrors.

By the early 18th century, ornate cast ormolu forms with long, curved arms and many candles were in the homes of many in the growing merchant class. Neoclassical motifs became an increasingly common element, mostly in cast metals but also in carved and gilded wood. Chandeliers made in this style also drew heavily on the aesthetic of ancient Greece and Rome, incorporating clean lines, classical proportions and mythological creatures.[4][5] Developments in glassmaking later allowed cheaper production of lead crystal, the light scattering properties of which quickly made it a popular addition to the form, leading to the crystal chandelier.

Glossary of terms[edit] Adam style A neoclassical style, light, airy and elegant chandelier – usually English. Arm The light-bearing part of a chandelier also sometimes known as a branch. Arm plate The metal or wooden block placed on the stem, into which the arms slot.

Bag A bag of crystal drops formed by strings hanging from a circular frame and looped back into the center underneath, associated especially with early American crystal and regency style crystal chandeliers.

Baluster A turned wood or moulded stem forming the axis of a chandelier, with alternating narrow and bulbous parts of varying widths. Bead A glass drop with a hole drilled right through.

Waterfall or Wedding Cake Concentric rings of icicle drops suspended beneath the hoop or plate.

Candlebeam A cross made from two wooden beams with one or more cups and prickets at each end for securing candles.

The word chandelier was first known in the English language in the 1736, borrowed from the Old French word chandelier, which comes from the Latin candelabrum.[2]

The following colorboxes indicate the region of each performance:  EU   Europe  NA   North America  SA   South and Central Americas  AP   Asia/Pacific  OC   Oceania  AF   Africa

Chandeliers are distinct from pendant lights, as they usually consist of multiple lamps and hang in branched frames, whereas pendant lights hang from a single cord and only contain one or two lamps with fewer decorative elements. Due to their size, they are often installed in hallways, living rooms, staircases, lounges, and dining rooms. However, miniature chandeliers also exist, allowing them to be installed in smaller spaces such as bedrooms or small living spaces.

Cover of Sia’s “Chandelier” performed by Ariane Moffatt.[7][8].

Vic Dana covered the song in 1965. His version reached number 51 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, number 19 on the Canadian pop singles chart[3] and number 14 on both the U.S. and Canadian Adult Contemporary charts in early 1966.[4] He also reached number 34 in Australia.

Regency Style chandelier A larger chandelier with a multitude of drops. Above a hoop rise strings of beads that diminish in size and attach at the top to form a canopy. A bag, with concentric rings of pointed glass, forms a waterfall beneath. The stem is usually completely hidden.

A chanderlier in one of the Durga Puja pandals in West Bengal, India

Crystal had its first preview public performances in some second-tier US markets, before officially premiering in Quebec in December 2017.[9] In one of the first reviews of the show, YQG Rocks entertainment critic Dan Savoie said of the Windsor, Ontario show at the WFCU Centre on January 3, 2018: “Crystal was an astonishing demonstration and is gorgeous in every way. The ice seemed to enhance the movements and made the performers appear to move faster.”[10]

More complex and elaborate chandeliers continued to be developed throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, but the widespread introduction of gas and electricity had devalued the chandelier’s appeal as a status symbol.

Crystal Chandelier Wikipedia